Away Running (2016), by Luc Bouchard and David Wright

This review was first published in Resource Links Magazine, “Canada’s national journal devoted to the review and evaluation of Canadian English and French resources for children and young adults.” It appears in volume 21.3.

Away Running (2016)

Bouchard Wright AwayAway Running begins and ends with running away. The opening scene presents Matt (Mathieu Dumas from Montreal) and Free (Freeman Omonwole Behanzin from San Antonio, Texas) and some of their teammates on the American football team, the Diables Rouges, in Villeneuve, France. Villeneuve is a suburb of Paris noted for its mainly poor, immigrant population, and a concomitantly high level of racial tension. Taking a short-cut through a construction zone, the boys are stopped—unfairly accosted—by the police. Immediately, readers are immersed in the fear these teens face: they have done nothing wrong, but they know that doesn’t matter. They will be arrested. Their parents will be called. They will not be able to play in the under-20s championship final in four days. They run.

Matt, too, is running. His mother is an editor for a Canadian women’s magazine; his brother and sister have both been successful in business; Matt is similarly slated to attend Orford College—an excellent business school with no sports: no football. Stealing from his college funds, Matt runs to his football friend in Paris.

Free is in Paris on a summer-school study-abroad trip, on scholarship and feeling ostracized from his white classmates. When he meets Matt, and is given the opportunity to stay and play for the Diables Rouges, he jumps at the chance. But Free, too, is running from the reality of his life in the United States.

Much of the novel is taken up with the relationships among Matt and Free; Moussa (Moose), their closest teammate; the volatile Sidi and his sister Aïda; and the other teammates, who both respect the ’Ricains for their playing abilities and resent them for their privilege. Away Running demands not only that readers consider issues of privilege and race, but also that they understand how deeply embedded our cultural ethos lies, and how complicated intercultural and interracial interactions really are. The prejudice the Diables Rouges players and their community experience is not ultimately about race, pure and simple, as Matt learns. Despite being African-American, Free is not persecuted with Moose and Sidi and the other non-White players. Being foreign, regardless of colour, sets him outside of the cultural dynamics at play in the lower-income Paris suburbs at the same time as his race—as well as being from a similarly low-income, oppressed “hood” in San Antonio—allows him to understand those dynamics more than Matt can.

Issues of race, of cultural understanding, of teens’ social relations are set against the American football season in Paris. The Diables Rouges are a middle-of-the-pack team, and much of the boys’ growth in understanding results from their involvement in the team as they develop to meet their potential. What makes this more than a “there is no I in team” story is the true human messages that the authors impart through the carefully and very successfully developed characters. We really get to know not only Matt and Free, but Moose and Aïda, and the full cast of narrative support. We become fully invested in their lives long before the final scenes are played, before Away Running stops being about football at all, and becomes entirely about race, culture, politics, and police brutality. It was not surprising to learn from the Authors’ Notes at the back of the book that the final scenes are based on a real incident in France in 2005. It is to the authors’ great credit that the violence of the final scenes, the gross unfairness of the situation, flows seamlessly out of the entirely fictional characters and storyline they have created.

Away Running is a book about football, best suited for teenaged boys who will engage with the mentality and language of these fictional teenaged boys from the disadvantaged spaces of their cities. But it is far more than that: at its heart, it is a book about what it means to be human, regardless of class, race, or ethnicity. A football book that moved me to tears; I never thought I’d see that.

Tru Detective (2015), by Norah McClintock

This review was first published in Resource Links Magazine, “Canada’s national journal devoted to the review and evaluation of Canadian English and French resources for children and young adults.” It appears in volume 21.1.

Tru Detective

McClintock - DetectiveI really enjoyed Norah McClintock’s In Too Deep (2009), and in her second graphic novel, Tru Detective, she repeats her success in creating a fast-paced narrative of teen characters involved in mystery. In this instance, Truman Tucker and his best friend “Sticky” (Woodrow Stickman) are trying to solve Tru’s girlfriend’s murder while avoiding the police, who suspect Tru. As the story unravels, Tru and “Sticky” begin to learn that Natalia’s life was not as simple as they thought. Their investigations rake them into the world of human trafficking and illegal immigration, real-life issues that provide a heightened feeling of urgency to Tru’s situation. Still, I wonder about the trope of independence in many teen mysteries, and McClintock’s is no exception. In situations of real threat—people are shooting at Tru, the people who try to help him are murdered—even the most anti-adult of teens would not likely take on the world by himself. Despite Sticky’s strong (and effectively written) remonstrance, Tru does not go to the police with evidence to clear himself. It creates tension and provides plot opportunities, but it doesn’t ring true; the story is gripping, and the narrative tight, but Tru’s actions are somewhat unconvincing.

The writing is simple, as befits the graphic novel format, in which illustrations provide much of the emotion and action. In this, though, the illustration in Tru Detective falls short. The block shading and limited tones of grey make it difficult to determine action in the panels, and a number of effective comic techniques to present motion are missing. Background objects—trees, smoke, buildings—are given as much weight as important foreground items. Characters’ emotions are difficult to parse, or even detect, and body language is often not powerful enough. Overall, the graphic part of the novel does not do its job in the creation of narrative meaning. It’s a shame, too, because McClintock’s story could make a great high-interest, low-reading level novel for teens. Its panel format might be an attempt to reach that audience, but with action and emotion impossible to wrest from the panels, it does not reach this goal.

Ready, Set, Kindergarten! (2015), by Paula Ayers

This review was first published in Resource Links Magazine, “Canada’s national journal devoted to the review and evaluation of Canadian English and French resources for children and young adults.” It appears in volume 21.1.

Ready, Set, Kindergarten!

Illustrated by Danielle Arbour.

Ayer - KindergartenReady, Set, Kindergarten! shows us a young girl excited about her first day of kindergarten, and (seemingly) the activities she finds there: getting ready, spotting letters in signs as she walks with her mother (assumedly to school); painting, cutting paper, playing outside, but then… “baking a cake with a bucket and sand” in her swimsuit. All of a sudden she is not at kindergarten, but in various other spaces: at the beach, at home in the bathroom, having a tea party with her dolls, in a play room fighting with a friend—because of course we need to introduce conflict so the character can have something to learn in terms of acceptable social behaviour, like being ready to say she’s sorry—helping with dinner, getting ready for bed, eating breakfast, getting dressed, going to kindergarten… wait, what? What was she doing on the first page, then?

The storyline is convoluted at best. While we follow the little girl though her day, we have been expecting something more to do with kindergarten than just being ready for various aspects of life (including kindergarten, which she apparently goes to the next day). Aside from the repetition of the word “ready,” there is no rhyme, nor rhythm, and the text becomes unmemorable. Children respond well to words that lilt, as much as to images that cause pleasure, sight and sound together resting in their memories or inciting their imaginations. While the illustrations in Ready, Set, Kindergarten! are delightfully lively and colourful, they do not quite redeem a text that has very little to recommend it.

Beauty: A Retelling of the Story of Beauty and the Beast (1978) and Rose Daughter (1997), by Robin McKinley

Beauty (1978)

McKinley - Beauty

This is the story as it should be told, with all of the beauty and love and magic of the original fairy tale, brought to life by McKinley’s rich narrative. We learn to like Beauty and her difference from other girls, to identify with her as a character. She loves to read, is rather plain, and loves her family dearly. Her choices and those of her family make logical and emotional sense to the reader, which strengthens the magic of the tale. The Beast, too, we come to love as Beauty does. It is perhaps easier for us, as we know the story, and she doesn’t. But the saving grace of McKinley’s story is that the Beast is never beastly to Beauty; the story remains one of judging others for what they are inside. It does not have the insidious negative social message that the Disney version presents to us, of loving a man even when he is abusive. There is no domestic abuse in McKinley’s tale; Beauty is not beautiful; the Beast is under a wicked spell, but is a good man at heart.

Rose Daughter (1978)

McKinley - RoseMcKinley revisits her retelling of Beauty and the Beast, in what she considers to be the superior of the two. I agree with her book-borrowing fans, though, that this is not the case. Rose Daughter is too… well, just too. There is too much angst in the family at the outset, although this is more in keeping with the two selfish older sisters of the original tale, and after their financial fall, the girls becomes better friends, as is true in Beauty. What Rose Daughter is too, mostly, is overladen with allusion. We do not perceive in it the simplicity of the magic fairy tale world that Beauty presents us with; it is far more a medieval fantasy of sorcerers and social politics, of ways of magic that McKinley has instilled in her own text that do not have a source in fairy tale trope. And in the end, we are not given the satisfactory return to humanity for the Beast. Perhaps this message is powerful in one way—Beauty does not demand beauty of her spouse—but at the same time, it narratively untenable, for why would the magic-believing villagers welcome the Beast, in all his beastliness, as Beauty’s husband? McKinley posits an explanation, but it does not convince. I think the final shortcoming I need mention is that the balance is off. in Rose Daughter, we spend far too much time in Beauty’s mind, her experience, to get to know the Beast as we do in Beauty; nor is the magic personified, bringing both mystery and emotional solace to Beauty in her plight. The result is a longer, less gripping tale, definitely for older readers, but not more powerful for being more mature in nature.